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Bulbose: Fritillaria spp.

Bulbose: Fritillaria spp.


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Classification, origin and description

Family: Liliaceae
Genus: Fritillaria
Common name: Fritillaria

Typology: Perennials, Bulbose
Propagation: division of bulbs, seed

Etymology: the name Fritillaria derives from the Latin fritillus (dice cup) and is due to the similarity of the flowers of some species of this genus (with the characteristic checkerboard pattern) with a compass used by the Romans in a dice game.

The genus Fritillaria includes a hundred species distributed among Asia Minor, Europe, Siberia and North America. They adapt to all climates and are generally 30-40 cm high, but some reach one meter in height.

Fritillaria meleagris (photo http://fritillaries.com)

How it is grown

Once planted, they must no longer be disturbed. The lower species can also be grown in pots. The soil must be fertile and deep, well drained, the position of partial shade. It can be easily multiplied by division of the bulbs, during the vegetative rest. They can also be reproduced by seed, but to obtain flowering plants it will take 4 or 5 years.

Fritillaria meleagris

Fritillaria imperialis - Imperial crown

Species and varieties

- Fritillaria meleagris L .: species native to Europe, in Italy it grows spontaneously in the woods and meadows in the Alps and in the Apennines. The common name Snake head comes from the colors of the flowers, variously spotted with purple, which resemble the skin of snakes. In the spontaneous state they also exist with entirely yellow or white flowers. The pendulous and bell-shaped flowers appear in April-May. It is not cultivated.
- Fritillaria imperialis L .: Originating in the eastern countries, it has been cultivated for several centuries and its truly regal inflorescences are highly appreciated. The pendulous flowers vary in color from yellow, orange to red. The inflorescences are surrounded by bundles of small leaves and are carried by rigid stems up to 1.25 cm high. The smell of flowers is unpleasant.
- Fritillaria ruthenica L .: species native to the Caucasus, it has black and pendulous flowers that appear in May.

Diseases, pests and adversities

Attacks of slugs and the beetle Lilioceris lilii can be harmful.


Video: Fritillary flower time lapse Fritillaria meleagris (May 2022).