Breeds of chickens: Orust hen

Breeds of chickens: Orust hen

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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics

Origin: Sweden

The Orust is a breed of Swedish laying hen, mainly found in the western islands of the country. Although its history is on the whole obscure, it is believed to have originated in the islands of Orust and Tjörn, where it was raised by local fishing communities, which often fed poultry with fish waste. Starting in the 1840s, however, Sweden began to import foreign breeds that began to crossbreed with native hens. Perhaps also because of their isolation, the Orust hens have remained intact with respect to this series of crosses. In 1950 they began to be marketed as orust hens, but it was only 30 years later that the breed's genetic and cultural value became known. Today the Orust population is at risk of disappearance, and in 2013, just 463 specimens were registered.
Mainly used for the production of eggs - a hen in good conditions can give up to 150 a year - the orust is a rustic breed that has adapted well to the conditions of the territory.

Morphological characteristics

The plumage is characteristic, black and white. The tarzi are dark.

Medium weight:
- Roosters 2.0 kg
- Hens 1.5 kg

Gallo Orust (photo

Orust hen (photo