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Systematic classification and general information
Species: IS. prasina
Small exotic bird, native to Northern Thailand, Java, Malaysia, Borneo, Sumatra and Laos. Exported through naval trade also to other neighboring states. He loves to live in large rice plantations and bamboo bushes, typical of the Middle East. The first subjects that arrived in Europe were trapping, as happened for almost all exotic species, then slowly it caught the attention of the passionate European breeders who started to breed it and to exchange subjects. Today, the capture specimens, fortunately, were no longer imported into Europe.
Four-color diamond - Erythura prasina (photo www.ornieuropa.com)
Depiction of a four-color diamond (photo http://solene.ledantec.free.fr)
Bird about 14-15 cm long. It has a livery of four different colors, from which it obviously takes its common name. The chest, belly and rump are red; the back, the head, the wings are olive-colored; the mask is blue; the beak is lead gray. The legs are flesh-colored. Presents eyes are a dark gray, almost black. The dimorphism is quite evident, since the male has red on the belly that the female lacks, moreover the colors in the male subjects are much brighter and more intense and the mask is more greenish than the females.
If in the breeding room there are the right climatic conditions, i.e. a temperature of not less than 15 degrees all year round, the D. Quadricolore can also be bred in purity, otherwise nurses must inevitably be used to pass the eggs immediately after laying. It is an exotic bird that has not yet fully adapted to captivity, as the subjects still present difficulties in reproduction, and with feeding in captivity many subjects tend to gain excessively, a factor that often compromises the laying of the eggs and the hatching itself. The "classic" ones can be used as nannies, that is the Mandarin Diamond or even better the Sparrow of Japan. It is advisable to place the cage in a quiet area, not in transit areas or where the couple may have excessive distractions; usually it is used to decorate the cage with fake vegetation, which gives these birds the illusion of nature and the hidden nest. It also lives well in small colonies consisting of three or four couples. Since under normal conditions these birds make two molts over the course of a year, one must be very careful of the photoperiod if artificial light is used.
You can use the "box" nest as a nest, which hides the female more, who in the open nests is doubtful and does not always start laying. In order to raise the chickens, in addition to the normal mash, it is advisable to provide the couple with some fruit and germinated or immature seeds. It may happen that the female leaves the brood, even after birth, therefore it is always a good idea to always have nurses in the breeding. For the normal maintenance diet, in addition to the normal mix of exotics, it is necessary to integrate a little rice, which is the basis of its natural diet. No live prey needed.
Also this species has been taken into consideration by the "hybridist breeders", who often try mating with some of its like, the "Peale's diamond" or the "red head diamond".
Card created by Federico Vinattieri http://ornitologia.difossombrone.it