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Wildlife in Italy: Glareola pratincola, Linnaeus 1758

Wildlife in Italy: Glareola pratincola, Linnaeus 1758


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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Caradriformi
Family: Glareolidae
Kind: Glareola
Species: G. pratincola Linnaeus, 1758

The sea partridge lives in Europe, in central-western Asia and in some areas of northern Africa, where it mainly frequents the muddy coastal expanses with low vegetation and the margins of marshes, lagoons and salt marshes. It winters in Africa south of the Sahara. Nesting in southern Europe is rather irregular; in Italy it is summer and nesting, but uncommon.

You are the subspecies of Glareola pratincola:
- Glareola pratincola pratincola
- Glareola pratincola limbata
- Glareola pratincola erlangeri
- Glareola pratincola fuelleborni
- Glareola pratincola boweni
- Glareola pratincola riparia

Sea partridge - Glareola pratincola (photo www.birding.in)

Sea partridge - Glareola pratincola (photo http://ozdensaglam.com)

Sea partridge - Glareola pratincola (photo www.vogelwarte.ch)

Distinctive characters

Length: 22-25 cm
Wingspan: 60-65 cm
Weight: 70-90 gr

It has a very slender body structure, a short and slightly curved downward beak and very short legs; the back is brown, the belly is clear, the legs and tail are black, the throat and chest are cream colored and delimited by a black collar that starts from under the eye; when in flight it has the appearance of a large swallow, the wings are long and thin and inferiorly reddish-brown in color, the rump is white and the swallowtail.

Biology

Of marked gregarious tendencies throughout the year, it nests in colonies by laying 3 eggs in a single brood, between April and June. Build the nest in a small cavity in the ground.
It is observed mainly and more easily when in flight it searches and catches its favorite food: flying insects. In the way of flying in search of insects, with constant changes of direction, and also in the form it resembles, given the proper proportions, the swallows.


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