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Wildlife in Italy: Prispolone Anthus trivialis Linnaeus, 1758

Wildlife in Italy: Prispolone Anthus trivialis Linnaeus, 1758


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Systematic classification and distribution

Class: Birds
Order: Passeriformi
Family: Pipits
Kind: Anthus
Species: TO. trivialis Linnaeus, 1758

Very widespread in the European continent, it has a very large area of ​​presence: from Northern Europe to Asia, up to India. Also resistant to harsh climates, it nests in medium and medium-high latitudes, up to the border with the Arctic regions. In the winter months, however, it migrates south of the Sahara, selecting if possible environments relatively similar to those preferred during the summer in the north: sufficiently large trees - but well spaced from each other - and a hospitable soil are decisive characteristics in choosing the best place for the construction of the nest. In Italy it is a species of step, and breeding in the Apennine areas and in the pre-Alps.

Two subspecies are known:
- Anthus trivialis trivialis
- Anthus trivialis haringtoni

Prispolone - Anthus trivialis (photo http://carolinabirds.org)

Prispolone - Anthus trivialis

Prispolone - Anthus trivialis (photo www.twanhak.nl)

Distinctive characters

Length: 16 cm
Wingspan: 25-30 cm
Weight: 24 gr

The coloring of both sexes (and the young are very similar) is brown in the upper parts with marked cream and very dark brown streaks. The fairly tapered beak is pink with blackish shades and the legs are pinkish. The lower parts are off-white / beige very streaked with brown especially on the throat and upper chest then fading towards the abdomen and the hips.

Biology

Usually in May the construction of the nest begins, it creates it in a depression of the ground, in a very similar way to what was said for the pipit, it lays five six eggs that it hatches for 15 days.
The chicks leave the nest after two weeks and are fed by their parents for a few days.
During the hatching period the male pauses in the immediate vicinity of the nest, normally it rests on a stake, or on the wires and sings continuously, its verse is very similar to the song of the canary in fact when hunting was allowed, it was used place a canary alongside the prispoloni just removed from the sluice so that with its continuous singing it would help the subjects to go into inspiration.


Video: Metsäkirvinen laulaa Tree Pipit call song Anthus Trivialis (May 2022).